You might know that you can move money from your employer’s qualified retirement plan to an IRA when you leave the employer. But do you know you may be able to take advantage of this opportunity while still employed by the company? There can be big benefits to this move.
What is an In-Service Withdrawal?
Basically, some companies allow active employees to move funds from an employer-sponsored qualified plan, such as a 401(k) or 403(b), while still contributing to the plan. When handled as a direct rollover, an actively working employee (usually age 59½ or older) then can buy an Individual Retirement Annuity (IRA) without current taxation. Of course, if a withdrawal is not rolled over to a qualified plan or IRA, it is considered taxable income (and may be subject to a 10% federal penalty if less than age 59½). But done right, there can be advantages to making this move.
What are the Benefits of an In-Service Withdrawal?
Using an in-service withdrawal to fund a deferred annuity in an IRA can offer these potential benefits:
- You may be able to gain more control over the retirement funds.
- You may be able to protect your retirement funds from market volatility.
- You may be able to choose options you feel better suit your retirement needs.
- You may be able to ensure yourself a guaranteed income stream in retirement.
What are the Next Steps?
- Talk to a Pro: Talk to your financial professional and see if taking an in-service withdrawal to fund an individual retirement annuity may benefit you.
- Talk to a Plan Administrator: Talk to your employer’s plan administrator about eligibility and requirements. They can tell you if the plan allows in-service withdrawals, and about any rules, such as withdrawal limits, fund types, transfer timing, etc.
Importance of Direct Rollover
As you consider an in-service withdrawal, it’s important to be certain your financial professional and plan administrator handle it properly — as a direct rollover.
With a direct rollover, your funds transfer from the plan trustee directly to another qualified retirement plan or IRA. By doing so they are not subject to tax withholding.
If your funds transfer to you, the plan participant, plan administrators must withhold 20% for federal income tax purposes, even if you intend to roll all the funds over within the 60-day time limit. This is a critical detail; one you don’t want to dismiss.
Added Considerations: Get the Complete Picture
- Talk with a tax advisor about potential tax implications before moving money out of your retirement plan.
- Use the proper paperwork. Most qualified plans have specific forms for direct rollovers.
- Some qualified plans may cease matching contributions for a period after taking an in-service withdrawal.
- The tax code allows the following to be rolled over from a qualified plan as an in-service withdrawal: Employer matching and profit-sharing contributions Employee after-tax contributions (non-Roth)
- Employee pre-tax and Roth contributions after age 59½
- The tax code does not allow rolling over the following before age 59½:
- Employer safe harbor match or safe harbor non-elective contributions
- Employee pre-tax or Roth contributions